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  • %META:TOPICPARENT{name="VOSBuild"}% ---+How to Install Virtuoso Open Source (VOS) on CentOS Linux %TOC% ---++Starting Point 1 We start from a freshly installed Linux installation having chosen the "server" package set. 1 Linux OS configurations: when first installed, CentOS runs <code>setup(1)</code> on reboot. At that time or by running it again subsequently, we make a couple of changes: * On general principles, it is wise to disable the insecure & unrequired services (e.g., RPC, portmapper, etc.), unless you're also going to use them. * It may be wise to open port <code>8890/tcp</code> in the firewall configuration to allow external access to Virtuoso's web-based interfaces such as the Conductor. 1 Update the indexes of available packages by running <verbatim> yum update </verbatim> 1 We recommend installing as a normal user, and using <code>sudo</code> only for the final <code>make install</code> phase, so create a new user with the <code>adduser</code> command and run <code>visudo</code> to add them to <code>sudoers</code>. ---++Installing Virtuoso Virtuoso is not currently packaged for CentOS, so has to be built from source. *Note*: Useful prior reading: please see the pages [[][VOSBuild]] and [[][VOSMake]] in the VOS Wiki. ---+++Dependencies Proceed to install the required build dependencies: <verbatim> [tim@centos ~]$ sudo yum install gcc gmake autoconf automake libtool flex \ bison gperf gawk m4 make openssl-devel readline-devel wget Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: * extras: * updates: Setting up Install Process No package gmake available. Package gawk-3.1.5-14.el5.i386 already installed and latest version Package m4-1.4.5-3.el5.1.i386 already installed and latest version Package 1:make-3.81-3.el5.i386 already installed and latest version No package openssl-dev available. Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package autoconf.noarch 0:2.59-12 set to be updated --> Processing Dependency: imake for package: autoconf [...] Dependency Installed: cpp.i386 0:4.1.2-50.el5 glibc-devel.i386 0:2.5-58 glibc-headers.i386 0:2.5-58 imake.i386 0:1.0.2-3 kernel-headers.i386 0:2.6.18-238.5.1.el5 Complete! [tim@centos ~]$ </verbatim> ---+++Unpacking Download the latest VOS archive (source tarball such as <code>virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3.tar.gz</code>) from [[][GitHub]] and unpack it: <verbatim> [tim@centos ~]$ tar xvpfz virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3.tar.gz virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3/ virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3/bin/ virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3/bin/installer/ virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3/bin/installer/virtuoso.ini virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3/bin/installer/demo.ini ... </verbatim> ---+++Configuring 1 For this demonstration, we use a simple configuration with no frills: <verbatim> [tim@centos virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3]$ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ \ --with-readline </verbatim> 1 There are many other options that can be specified at this stage, to enable/disable the building of language-hosting plugins (Perl, Python, Ruby) or various VAD packages (sub-packages within Virtuoso); for more on these, read the relevant <code>README</code> files in the source distribution and run '<code>./configure --help</code>'. 1 Here we settle for asking for readline support, i.e., the ability to cursor-up/down and use typical readline key-combinations in the commandline <code>isql</code> tool once built. ---++++VOS component locations 1 Virtuoso instances usually take the form of a designated directory somewhere in the filesystem, centered around a configuration file (nominally virtuoso.ini) which specifies operational parameters such as the filenames of database page-files to use, port-numbers to use, numbers of threads and buffers, etc. 1 In the above command, we specify a prefix of /usr/local to Virtuoso's <code>./configure</code> script. This forms a base directory under which Virtuoso will create/use the following structure: * <code><nowiki>/usr/local/lib/</nowiki></code> * various libraries for Sesame, JDBC, Jena, Hibernate, and hosting * <code><nowiki>/usr/local/bin/</nowiki></code> * where the main executables (virtuoso-t, isql) live * <code><nowiki>/usr/local/share/virtuoso/vad/</nowiki></code> * used to store VAD archives prior to installation in an instance * <code><nowiki>/usr/local/share/virtuoso/doc/</nowiki></code> * local offline documentation * <code><nowiki>/usr/local/var/lib/virtuoso/db/</nowiki></code> * the default location for a virtuoso instance * <code><nowiki>/usr/local/var/lib/virtuoso/vsp/</nowiki></code> * various VSP scripts - the default homepage before the Conductor is installed 1 Other directory-structures are possible by specifying variously: * individual configure options such as <code><nowiki>--bindir</nowiki></code>, <code><nowiki>--libdir</nowiki></code>, etc. * <code><nowiki>--with-layout={GNU|Debian|Gentoo|RedHat|FreeBSD|opt|OpenLink}</nowiki></code>%BR% where each layout specifies a set of locations where the VADs, documentation (HTML and PDF), demo and default instance databases, and hosting libraries will be installed, each compatible with the packaging requirements of the named OS distribution ("<code>opt</code>" means a prefix of <code><nowiki>/opt</nowiki></code> and <nop>OpenLink is the default, detailed above). ---+++Building and Installing 1 Having chosen some configure options, run make: <verbatim> [tim@centos virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3]$ nice make </verbatim> 1 Optionally, you can run '<code>make check</code>' to run the test-suite (beware, it takes hours and multiple gigabytes of disk-space). <verbatim> [tim@centos virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3]$ nice make check </verbatim> 1 Install it to the directory-structure chosen above: <verbatim> [tim@centos virtuoso-opensource-6.1.3]$ sudo make install </verbatim> ---++Getting Started 1 Take a copy of the default <code>virtuoso.ini</code> and store it safely in case of making erroneous changes. 1 Change into the default database directory: <verbatim> [tim@centos v-oss]$ cd /usr/local/var/lib/virtuoso/db/ [tim@centos db]$ ls virtuoso.ini </verbatim> * (At this point, if you wish to run virtuoso as a non-root user you should change the ownership on this directory (e.g., <code>sudo chown -R tim .</code>). Virtuoso only requires root if you wish to use it as a webserver listening on port 80 or other privileged port; by default, it listens only on high ports.) 1 Start the server: <verbatim> [tim@centos db]$ virtuoso-t -df Wed Apr 13 2011 15:12:48 INFO: { Loading plugin 1: Type 'plain', file 'wikiv' in '/usr/local/lib/virtuoso/hosting' ... 15:13:10 INFO: Checkpoint finished, log reused 15:13:10 INFO: PL LOG: Installing Virtuoso Conductor version 1.00.7890 (DAV) 15:13:10 INFO: Checkpoint started 15:13:14 INFO: Checkpoint finished, log reused 15:13:14 INFO: HTTP/WebDAV server online at 8890 15:13:14 INFO: Server online at 1111 (pid 4125) </verbatim> * Here we see the server running in foreground mode with maximum debugging information. Because it's the first time this instance has been run, virtuoso has created a bunch of database files (<code>virtuoso.db</code>, <code>virtuoso.trx</code> (the transaction log), etc.) and installed the Conductor VAD package into the database. * If you close your terminal while this command is running, Virtuoso will stop. To run it as a daemon instead, omit the "<code>-df</code>" flags. You can still see most of what's happening by running <code>tail -f virtuoso.log</code>. ---+++Using Virtuoso ---++++Web-based UI You can access the Conductor menu by pointing your web-browser at <code>[[http://localhost:8890/conductor/][http://localhost:8890/conductor/]]</code> (substitute the hostname as appropriate). From the Conductor you can manage users and automated backups, install VAD packages, execute SQL commands in a web-based iSQL tool, configure the RDF Sponger, and much more. There are two system users of immediate importance: * <code>dba</code> -- the relational data administrative account * <code>dav</code> -- the WebDAV administrative account By default, both of these accounts have their passwords set to their respective usernames; it is highly advised that you change these as soon as possible, for security reasons. ---++++Command-line Virtuoso provides a SQL/ODBC listener on port <code>1111/tcp</code> by default (configurable in the <code>INI</code>). You can connect directly to this and execute SQL statements using the included <code>isql</code> tool: <verbatim> [tim@centos db]$ ../bin/isql localhost:1111 dba dba OpenLink Interactive SQL (Virtuoso), version 0.9849b. Type HELP; for help and EXIT; to exit. SQL> tables; Connected to OpenLink Virtuoso Driver: 06.01.3127 OpenLink Virtuoso ODBC Driver Showing SQLTables of tables like 'NULL.NULL.NULL', tabletype/colname like 'NULL' TABLE_QUALIFIER TABLE_OWNER TABLE_NAME TABLE_TYPE REMARKS VARCHAR VARCHAR VARCHAR VARCHAR VARCHAR _______________________________________________________________________________ DB DBA ADMIN_SESSION SYSTEM TABLE NULL DB DBA ADM_OPT_ARRAY_TO_RS_PVIEW SYSTEM TABLE NULL [...] </verbatim> ---++Resource Usage Virtuoso is highly configurable: the same executables and packages will service anything from a small "lite-mode" installation with a database of 10Mb up to a huge multi-user enterprise installation with terabytes of data. The defaults with Virtuoso Open-Source give a 160MB process size in memory, about 29MB database and total 237MB footprint on disk; this has 20 threads running for database and/or web-server use. The wiki document [[][VOSScale]] describes how to scale Virtuoso in some detail. ---++Related * [[VOSUbuntuNotes][Ubuntu]] * [[VOSDebianNotes][Debian]] * [[VOSFedoraNotes][Fedora]]
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